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Trigeminal neuralgia caused by invasive fungal sinusitis resulting from sphenoid fungal ball
J Korean Skull Base Soc 2024;19(1):85-90
Published online May 30, 2024
© 2024 Korean Skull Base Society.

Junyoung Kim, Minhae Park, Sang Duk Hong

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Sang Duk Hong
E-mail kkam97@gmail.com
ORCID https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3075-1035
Received December 12, 2023; Revised May 11, 2024; Accepted May 13, 2024.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
In an immunocompromised state, it is very rare for an indolent fungal ball to transform into an invasive fungal rhinosinusitis. However, it is rarely reported that sphenoid fungal ball invades the infratemporal fossa and trigeminal nerve. A 47-year-old female patient undergoing chemotherapy for malignant thymoma with pleural dissemination presents with right facial hypoesthesia. Magnetic resonance image and computed tomography showed bony defects in the sphenoid lateral recess. These lesions extended from the right sphenoid sinus to the infratemporal fossa and mandibular nerve. Endoscopic debridement was performed, and fungal ball was diagnosed in sphenoid lateral recess and infratemporal fossa. Tissue invasion of Aspergillus species was confirmed in pterygoid body and muscles. Systemic antifungal treatment with voriconazole was used, and the disease has been stable without improvement of mandibular nerve palsy. Physicians must know the possible pathophysiology of invasive fungal sinusitis from sphenoid lateral recess to infratemporal fossa and mandibular nerve, which can be treated by endoscopic debridement with minimal morbidity.
Keywords : Trigeminal nerve, Immunocompromised status, Invasive fungal rhinosinusitis


May 2024, 19 (1)
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