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A case of tuberculous otitis media: An old disease revisited
J Korean Skull Base Soc 2024;19(1):54-59
Published online May 30, 2024
© 2024 Korean Skull Base Society.

Yujeong Hong, Hyojung Kim, Sohee Park, Dong-Hee Lee

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Dong-Hee Lee
Received October 23, 2023; Revised November 28, 2023; Accepted November 29, 2023.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Tuberculous otitis media is a chronic granulomatous disease of the middle ear as well as temporal bone and a rare form of tuberculosis. Diagnosis is difficult due to its unspecific clinical features and a lack of reliable diagnostic tests including microbiological and histopathological examinations. Unfortunately, demonstration of microbiological positivity has been the exception rather than the rule. The polymerase chain reaction test has been recommended as the standard for suspected tuberculous otitis media. In our country, the “National Tuberculosis Elimination Project” has been reduced the numbers of newly-diagnosed tuberculosis since 2010. We recently experienced a case of tuberculous otitis media in young female. Despite the diagnosis was suspected early, it was not confirmed because tuberculosis studies of otorrhea were negative. The objective of this article is to make an awareness of tuberculous otitis media, to present the suggestion for its early diagnosis, and review its diagnostic criteria and treatment.
Keywords : Otitis media, Tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis

May 2024, 19 (1)
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